Implementation Science

Implementing change in health care requires the use of strategies to adopt and integrate evidence-based health interventions and change practice patterns within specific settings. The science of implementation and dissemination comprises a multidisciplinary set of theories and methods aimed at improving this process of translation from research evidence to everyday health-related practices. Implementation research, in particular, investigates and addresses major bottlenecks (e.g. social, behavioral, economic, management) that impede effective implementation, test new approaches to improve health programming, as well as determine a causal relationship between the intervention and its impact. (NIH)

The UK-CHSR generates new knowledge about how to implement evidence-based findings in clinical practice, and how to facilitate systematic, continuous implementation into routine practice. The focus on implementation science includes:

• Identification of strategies to encourage provision and use of effective health services
• Identification of strategies to promote the integration of evidence into policy and program decisions
• Appropriate adaptation of interventions according to population and setting
• Identification of approaches to scale-up effective interventions
• Development of innovative approaches to improve healthcare delivery
• Setting up an impact evaluation for a population-based intervention
• Comparisons of multiple evidence-based interventions